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Shaiqua Ansari1, Fahmeeda Zeenat2*, Wasim Ahmad3, Intezar Ahmad4
1Department of Qabalat wa Amraz-e-Niswan, Mohammadia Tibbia College, Malegaon, Nashik, M.S., INDIA.
2Department of Amraze Niswan wa Atfal, Faculty of Unani Medicine, AMU, Aligarh, U.P., INDIA.
3Department of Ilmul Advia, Mohammadia Tibbia College, Malegaon, Nashik, M.S., INDIA.
4Hakim Syed Ziaul Hasan Govt. Unani Medical College, Bhopal. M.S., INDIA.

Volume 5 (Issue 3), Page 195-205.

*Author for correspondence

Gul-e-Surkh (rose) is the flower of the plant Rosa damascena Mill that is one of the most important aromatic and medicinal plants traditionally used for various health needs. It is an erect shrub, up to 2 m in height. This plant is cultivated throughout the world because of its beauty and fragrance. It is the most famous than any other flower throughout the world. It has been referred to as the king of flowers. At present time, over 200 rose species and more than 18000 cultivars form of the plant has been identified, among them Rosa damascena is one of the most important species of Rosaceae family. Apart from its use as ornamental plants in parks, gardens, and houses, they are principally cultivated for use in perfume, medicine, and food industry. Rose oil or otto or attar of roses is freely used as perfumes by rich classes. Otto is seldom used medicinally except for perfuming emollients and medicinal soap. The plant has shown diverse biological and pharmacological activities. It has been used in Unani Medicine (Tibb-e-Unani) since ancient era. Keeping in view the high medicinal importance of the plant in Unani Medicine, this review provides available information on its therapeutic uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties.
Keywords: Rosa damascena, Gul-e-Surkh, Gulab, Rose.