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Anees Akhtar1, Mohammad Hifz Ur Rahman2, Shahnawaz Alam3, Mohd. Aslam4*, Mohd Suhaib5, Javed Akhtar Ansari6, Mohd Najmul Aqib Khan7.
1Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh-202002 (UP) INDIA.
2Department of Community Medicine, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, Ambala-133207 (Haryana) INDIA.
3Department of Physiology, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, Ambala-133207 (Haryana) INDIA.
*4Nephrology Division, Department of Medicine, Jawahar Lal Nehru Medical college and Hospital , AMU, Aligarh (U.P.), INDIA.
5Department of Microbiology, Al-Falah University, Dhauj, Faridabad (Haryana), INDIA.
6Department of Pharmacy Practice, MESCO College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad, T.S., INDIA.
7Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Haldwani, (Uttarakhand), INDIA.

REVIEW ARTICLE
Volume 9, Issue 1, Page 23-30

*Author for correspondence
E-mail: draslam8881@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Coronaviruses are enveloped RNA viruses. They are broadly distributed among humans, birds and other mammals. The causative agent for Corona Virus Disease-19 (COVID-19) is a virus of Coronavirus Family which belongs to Betacorona virus 2B lineage. Fever and Cough was seen in majority of cases. Dyspnoea and Myalgia or fatigue was also seen in about 50% of cases, and sputum production , hemoptysis and headache were also present in very few patients. The virus infects both upper airway and alveolar epithelial cells, resulting in mild to severe lung injury. Virus or viral products are also detected in other organs such as kidney, liver and small intestine.
Conclusions:-At present, there is no established cure for this disease; therefore, infection prevention and control (IPC) is the only option that can be applied i.e, social distancing, isolation of cases and quarantine of suspects and limitations of out door activities as much as possible is the key factor for the control of disease.
Keywords: COVID-19, Coronavirus update, Clinical features, SARS-CoV-2, 2019-nCoV.