Fatty liver diseases and Unani system of medicine

Aisha Siddiqui1, Rubi Anjum2*, Anwar Jamal3, M. Aslam1, Shahid Shah Choudhary1.

1Department of Ilmul Advia, Faculty of Unani Medicine, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India.
2Department of TST, Faculty of Unani Medicine, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India.
3CCRUM, (Presently Department of AYUSH), AYUSH Bhawan, B-Block, INA Market, New Delhi, India.

REVIEW ARTICLE
Volume 2017, Issue 2017, Article ID 102, Page 1-9.

ABSTRACT
Fatty liver, also acknowledged as fatty liver disease (FLD) or hepatic steatosis, is a reversible condition wherein large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells via the process of steatosis (i.e., abnormal retention of lipids within a cell). It’s normal to have some fat in the liver but in the case of fatty liver, more than 5-10 % of liver weight is fat. It now has become key medical condition and this importance mainly results from its ability to progress to cirrhosis and liver failure. It is generally classified as Alcoholic fatty liver and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver. Unani Scholars were also aware of the significant role of the liver in the normal functioning of the body and its mizaj (Temperament) is documented as hot and moist. Due to erratic dietary habits, excessive alcohol consumption, excess intake of fatty food, its mizaj altered to barid ( cold) or haar (hot), which is not acceptable to liver , thereby, allowing the accretion of morbid matter in the form of fat (Tashhamul Kabid) which affects the normal functioning of liver. In spite, of incredible advancement in mainstream medicine, the role of pharmacotherapy in FLD remains investigational and it is not recommended for routine clinical practice. The present review highlighted the treasure of Unani classical text about Tashhamul Kabid which closely resembles FLD for efficient management of FLD.
Keywords: Fatty liver Disease, Fatty liver Unani Medicine, Tashhamul Kabid.