Fatty acids analysis of Ficus religiosa stem bark by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Abuzer Ali1,2, Mohammad Jameel1,3, Mohammed Ali.

1Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Phytochemistry Research Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi-110062, INDIA.
2Department of Natural Products and Alternative Medicine, College of Clinical Pharmacy, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam-31441, KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA.
3Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Central Council of Research Unani Medicine, Aligarh-202001, INDIA..

Volume 2017, Issue 2017, Article ID 112, Page 1-6.

The Ficus religiosa Linn. (Moraceae) stem bark is used traditionally to treat burns, dysentery, diarrhoea, gastrohelcosis, gonorrhoea, hiccup, piles, glandular swellings of the neck, skin diseases, scabies, urinogenital disorders, anxiety, vomiting and to improve the complexion.The objective of this study was to describe the systematic fatty acid composition of the petroleum ether extract of F. religiosa stem bark. Petroleum ether extract of the F. religiosa stem bark was prepared by cold extraction. Fatty acid composition of the extract was identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with their relative concentrations. The petroleum ether extract of F. religiosa stem bark showed the presence of thirty-five compounds including eight unsaturated fatty acids (59.24%), thirteen saturated fatty acids (31.19%), cyclic fatty acid ester (0.82%), fatty alcohols (0.97%), alkane (6.02%) and alkene (1.76%) hydrocarbons. Most of the saturated and unsaturated fatty acids were identified as their methyl esters. The present study enriched the chemical profile of F. religiosa stem bark and designated the fatty acids composition of petroleum ether extract. F. religiosa stem bark has potential to be exploited further for the number of applications or as a source of poly and monounsaturated fatty acids.
Keywords: Ficus religiosa, Moraceae, Petroleum ether extract, GC-MS analysis, Fatty acid methyl esters.