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Abdul Nasir1*, Mohd. Akhtar Siddiqui2, Mohd. Aftab Ahmad3, Gazala Fatma4

1Majeedia Unani Hospital, F/o Medicine (U), Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi-62 India.
2Department of Moalijat, F/o Medicine (U), Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi-62 India.
3Department of Ilmul Advia, F/o Medicine (U), Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi-62, India.
4Faculty of Medicine Unani, Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi-62, India.

Volume 4, Issue 1, Page 29-33, January-April 2016.

Article history
Received: 10 March 2016
Revised: 25 March 2016
Accepted: 10 April 2016
Early view: 25 April 2016

*Author for correspondence

Eczema (Nar-e-farsi) is an inflammatory responsive condition of the skin which is characterized by erythema, skin edema, vesiculation, itching, oozing or bleeding, flaking, blistering, cracking, crusting and lichenification. Although many theories are bound to explain etiology. But basically two factors causing eczema are described. Firstly an allergic or sensitive skin and secondly exposure to an irritant. However the following factors are described: age, genetic predisposition, climate, debility, psychological factors, exciting factors like soaps, polish, hair dye, colours, cream, Hand bags, slippers, penicillin, iodine, streptomycin, bacteria, virus, and fungus. Several Unani single drugs like Shahtra (Fumaria indica Pugsley), Chiraita (Swertia chirayita Roxb.), Sarphoka (Tephrosia purpurea Linn.), Gul-e-mundi (Sphaeranthus indicus Linn.) and Unnab (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) etc. as well as compound drugs like Qurs Musaffi Khoon, Majoon Ushba, Sharbat Musaffi Murakkab, Sharbat Unnab, Sharbat Nilofer, Arq-e-Shahatra, Arq-e-Mundi etc. The present paper shows brief description like introduction, eitiology, pathophysiology, classification, clinical features, investigation, differential diagnosis, diagnosis, complications and management of Eczema (Nar-e-farsi) in modern and Greek medicine.
Keywords: Eczema, Nar-e-farsi, Chhajan.