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Mohd. Mujahid, Syed Misbahul Hasan, Md Sohel Akhter, Azmal Tarique, Abdul Kayyum Ansari, Ali Tarique, Jamal Warish, Sameekhsa Saxena, Zeeshan Ahmad Siddiqui, Md Afroz Ahmad*.
Department of Pharmacy, Integral University, Lucknow- 226021, India.

Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 98-103.

*Author for correspondence

Background: Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most frequent leading cause of cardiovascular diseases and an important reason for morbidity and mortality worldwide. Because of the change in lifestyle and urbanization, many countries now have an increased prevalence of hypertension. In Uttar Pradesh, studies on hypertension in urban and rural communities are scarce. Hence the aim of this study is a comparison of the prevalence of hypertension between rural and urban areas.
Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed from 16th January to 20 January 2017 for rural populations and from 13th July 2017 to 15th July 2017 for urban populations to compare the occurrence of hypertension in rural and urban population. Hypertension was identified according to JNC VIII criteria.
Results: Hypertensive subjects were more prevalent in urban (33%) than rural (17%) area. The incidence was found to gradually increase with age. There were more overweight and obese peoples found in the urban population than the rural population. Along with urban hypertensives, 75.7% showed a sedentary lifestyle, and in rural 58.8%, hypertensives showed a sedentary lifestyle.
Conclusion: Higher prevalence of hypertension was found in an urban area. Majority of hypertensive had a sedentary lifestyle in both rural and urban areas.
Keywords: Hypertension, Lifestyle, Urban, Rural, Incidence.