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Abuzer Ali1,2 , Mohammad Jameel1,3, Mohammed Ali1*.
1Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi‐110062, India.
2Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, Taif University, Haweiah, Taif, 21974, Saudi Arabia.
3Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Central Council of Research Unani Medicine, Aligarh‐202001, India.

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 93-97.

*Author for correspondence
E-mail: maliphyto@gmail.com

ABSTRACT
Background: Phyllanthus fraternus Webster (Euphorbiaceae) is potentially used to treat diabetes, jaundice, dysentery, dyspepsia, indigestion, influenza, urinary tract diseases, kidney stones, skin eruptions and vaginitis in traditional systems of medicine. The objective of this study was to describe the systematic fatty acid composition of the petroleum ether extract of P. fraternus aerial parts.
Material and Methods: The chemical composition of a petroleum ether extract of the P. fraternus aerial parts was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique.
Results: The extract was constituted of forty two compounds including saturated (31.14%) and unsaturated fatty (29.28%) acids, a cyclic fatty acid (0.41%), long chain aldehyde (11.36%), alcohols (6.82%) and fatty alcohols (5.37%), alkane (5.35%) and alkene (4.61%) hydrocarbons along with a lactone (1.03%), a steroid (2.27%), an alkylated phenol (0.27%) and a bicyclic sesquiterpene (1.02%).
Conclusion: Most of the fatty acids were identified as methyl esters. P. fraternus aerial parts have the potential to be exploited as a source of saturated and mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Keywords: Phyllanthus fraternus, Fatty acids, Linolenic acid, Linoleic acid.