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Manjunath Gandage*, Vasireddy Sujitha, Chetana Patil, Naziya Begum.
Department of Pharmacy Practice, HKEs MTRIPS, Kalaburagi-585 105, K.A., INDIA.

Volume 6, Issue 2, Page 80-85.

*Author for correspondence

Aims and Objectives: Antibiotics are especially agents/drugs are used to combat or treat infectious diseases and illness caused by them. The aim of the present study was to study the prescribing pattern of antibiotics.
Subject and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted over a period of 6 months in a tertiary care hospital. Patients were selected randomly by considering the study criteria. Prescribing patterns of antibiotics were analyzed by using Treatment chart review.
Results: A total of 326 cases were selected randomly and analyzed. The study result showed that a total of 461 antibiotics were prescribed in 326 prescriptions. Ceftriaxone was most commonly prescribed antibiotic. Parenteral administration is the common route of administration in 69% and 31% in oral formulations. Culture sensitivity tests were done only in 5.52% and in 2.76% of the cases, micro-organisms were isolated. Microorganisms isolated were Klebsiella pneumonia (1.5%), Staphylococcus aureus (0.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (0.3), E. Coli (0.3%), Candida albicans (0.3%). Antibiotics percentage of encounter in 326 prescriptions is 100% (A total of 426 antibiotics were prescribed). The average cost of antibiotics used is Rs.1409.36/- per patient and antibiotics expenditure is 67.61% of the total drug list.
Conclusion: Antibiotics are widely prescribed that leads to drug-related problems, resistance and total cost of antibiotic. Treatment guidelines and protocols will help the inappropriate use of drugs and should be reviewed periodically which in turn will help in New treatment.
Keywords: Antibiotic, Resistance, Ceftriaxone, Prescribing pattern/