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Misbahuddin Azhar1*, Sadia Ayub2.
Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine (RRIUM), Aligarh, U.P., India.

Volume 9, Issue 1, Page 13-22

*Author for correspondence

Abhal (Juniperus communis L.) belonging to the family Cupressaceae is an evergreen, aromatic shrub, native to Europe, South Asia, and North America and used as medicine since 70 AD when Dioscorides introduced it first. The blackish-red berries like fruits are known as Abhal in Unani System of Medicine. The present review aims to collect the information of Abhal (Juniperus communis L.) available Unani classical literature and formulation, phytochemical and pharmacological studies. In the present review, Unani classical literature was searched for its complete description. Computerized databases such as Medline, Pubmed, Ovid SP, Google Scholar, and Science-direct were searched. All the information on Abhal (Juniperus communis L.) available in Urdu, Persian, Arabic, and studies published abstract were included. Fourteen Unani books were referred and 23 pharmacological studies were analyzed, in which it is used as an ingredient also make an effort to the strength of action of the drug mentioned in Unani medicine. This information gives the research question and guidance for future research. Many of the actions of JC mentioned in Unani classical literature have been proved by the scientist in experimental studies. Its potent action Musqit-e-janeen (abortifacient) and Mudir-e-baul (Diuretic) were proved in experimental studies abortifacient and diuretic activity respectively. It is suggested that Abhal may be tested for its nephroprotective activity due to the above-said actions.
Keywords: Abhal Habbul Aar Aar, Unani medicine, Berry, Juniperus communis L.